Methods: This prospective study included 2,003 subjects with diabetes mellitus who underwent photographic screening for DR. The reliability of detecting AMD lesions was tested by interobserver and intraobserver agreement, and the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosing AMD at different grades of severity were tested using the consensus grading of a group as the reference standard.
Results: DR affected 24.7% of the subjects. The age-standardized prevalence of early AMD was 17.9%, and late AMD was 0.1%. The interobserver and intraobserver agreement for grading AMD was substantial (k = 0.72 and 0.71 respectively, p < 0.001). It was equally good in those with different severities of DR. There was also no difference in sensitivity and specificity of detecting AMD in those with different levels of DR (sensitivity 62-68% and specificity 97-98%).
Conclusion: Intermediate- and high-risk AMD that warrant treatment with zinc and anti-oxidant supplements could be reliably detected during screening for diabetic retinopathy.
Gangwani R., Lai W.W., Sum R., McGhee S.M. et al. The incidental findings of age-related macular degeneration during diabetic retinopathy screening. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2014;252(5):723-9.